Builder Design Pattern
public class NutritionFacts {
    private final int servingSize;
    private final int servings;
    private final int calories;
    private final int fat;
    private final int sodium;
    private final int carbohydrate;
    public static class Builder {
        // Required parameters
        private final int servingSize;
        private final int servings;
        // Optional parameters - initialized to default values
        private int calories = 0;
        private int fat = 0;
        private int carbohydrate = 0;
        private int sodium = 0;
        public Builder(int servingSize, int servings) {
            this.servingSize = servingSize;
            this.servings = servings;
        public Builder calories(int val) {
            calories = val; return this;
        public Builder fat(int val) {
            fat = val; return this;
        public Builder carbohydrate(int val) {
           carbohydrate = val; return this;
        public Builder sodium(int val) { 
           sodium = val; return this;
        public NutritionFacts build() {
            return new NutritionFacts(this);
    private NutritionFacts(Builder builder) {
        servingSize = builder.servingSize;
        servings = builder.servings;
        calories = builder.calories;
        fat = builder.fat;
        sodium = builder.sodium;
        carbohydrate = builder.carbohydrate;
  • Builder pattern is a good choice when designing classes whose constructors or static factories would have more than a handful of parameters, especially if most of those parameters are optional. Client code is much easier to read and write with builders than with the traditional telescoping constructor pattern, and builders are much safer than JavaBeans.
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